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“重审毛泽东的土地改革”国际研讨会在纽约召开

楼层直达
级别: 骑士

2019年,是中共建政后发动的第一场政治运动——土地改革运动七十周年。一场名为“重审毛泽东的土地改革”国际研讨会9月19和20日一连两天在纽约城市大学召开。
研讨会由美国纽约城市大学、美国劳改研究基金会主办,美国《中国当代政治运动史数据库》编辑部和台湾民主基金会协办。五十多位来自海内外的学者汇聚一堂,就中共的土地改革从多个角度进行深入探讨。这是迄今海内外第一个、也是规模最大的一场关于中共土改的国际学术研讨会。研讨会共收到来自世界各地学者四十三篇论文,其中来自中国大陆学者的论文有十六篇。



会议的组织者是劳改研究学会的两位理事:洛杉矶加州州立大学的宋永毅教授和纽约城市大学的夏明教授。




2019年9月19日,“重审毛泽东的土地改革”国际研讨会开幕(宋永毅提供) Photo: RFA


宋永毅在会议开幕之际接受记者电话采访,他回答记者的问题“七十年过去了,为什么仍有必要重审毛泽东的土改?”,说道:“为什么有必要?一个就是土地改革的历史真相被完全歪曲了,它不仅 是一个大的祸害,还是一个大的骗局;第二,中共的土地改革作为它政治运动的缘起,现在还在‘进’、还在‘行’,比如说阶级斗争,2018年中共的宪法,前言说得很清楚:剥削阶级被消灭了,还存在着阶级斗争,可见国家的根本大法,还是沿着这个路子走。”
土改是中共建政后发动的第一场暴力运动,全国共屠杀四百七十万地主和乡绅,将掌握中国农村先进生产力与文化的精英几乎消灭殆尽。而此后,屠杀精英和破坏生产力与文化,70年来从未停止。宋永毅说:所以,重审毛泽东的土改,具有现实意义,“一个民族必须要有自己的历史记忆,如果没有历史记忆,这个民族是没有希望的,澄清历史真相,建立集体记忆,对这个民族的精神健康,是有必要的。历史是明镜,明镜就是以史为鉴,以史为鉴就是要总结经验教训。你想一想,正是因为土地制度的改变,才导致了中国大规模的土地财政,大规模的腐败,现在的‘三农’问题,都是因为土改引起的。”




2019年9月19日,“重审毛泽东的土地改革”国际研讨会开幕(宋永毅提供) Photo: RFA


两天的研讨会,与会学者将围绕从土地革命到土地改革、暴力土改的理论和实践、土改中的社会·民族·知识分子,土改后走向更大规模的镇压、杀戮和破坏等专题发表演讲,并有一场名为“重审毛泽东土地改革的历史和现实意义”自由发言和讨论。
出席研讨会发表论文的有北美学者吴国光、程映红、郭建、丁抒、谭松、胡平、余杰、李江琳、丁一夫、谢寳瑜、文贯中、丁凯文、滕春晖等;港澳学者郝志东、程惕洁、安劭凡、金钟等;中国大陆学者郑也夫、智效民、徐星、任彦芳等,以及发表书面论文的姚监复、徐立志、王海光、叶曙明、刘志、潘学芳等;来自台湾的学者周茂春和廖彦豪;来自日本的学者日吉秀松。美国共产主义受难者基金会主席李·爱德华向研讨会发表题为“中国共产主义的历史罪恶和现状”的开幕演说。
会后,会议的组织者将把近百万字的会议论文汇编成册,在香港和台湾出版。

(记者CK  责编:嘉远  网编:瑞哲)


https://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/zhengzhi/ck-09192019110823.html

级别: 骑士
只看该作者 沙发  发表于: 2019-09-27
Program

大會議程


REASSESSING MAO’S LAND REFORM:

An International Conference on the 70th Anniversary
of Communist China’s First Political Campaigns




重審毛澤東的土地改革:
中共建政初期的政治運動七十週年國際研討會





September 19 -20, 2019

Co-Sponsored by

The City University of New York
The Laogai Research Foundation


New York, USA




Thursday, September 19(九月十九日,星期四)


Departure: 出发(7:45 AM)早晨吃了旅馆自助餐早饭后在大门口集合,一起坐大巴士去纽约城市大学。

Opening Ceremony 开幕式                                                  [9:00-10:00 AM]  
(Location 会议地点:  Skyline Room, Graduate Center, City University of New York 紐約城市大學研究生中心19層地平綫演講廳)
Moderator: Professor Ming Xia 夏明教授
(Professor of the Graduate Center, City University of New York, & President of the Laogai Research Foundation, co-organizer of the conference)

Welcoming remarks [歡迎詞] by Representative from City University of New York [纽约城市大学副校长]


Opening Keynote Speech [開幕詞] by Dr. Lee Edwards, Chairman of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation  [美国共產主義受難者基金會會長]

Welcoming remarks [歡迎詞] by He Pin 何频,CEO of the Mirror Media Group [美国明镜媒体集团总裁, 会议全程报道新闻单位]


Welcoming remarks and Conference Logistics [開幕詞和后勤安排] by Yongyi Song宋永毅 California State University, Los Angeles [加州州立大學洛杉磯分校教授,會議組織者之一]



Morning Sessions: Global & Comparative Perspectives on Land Reform
國際和比較視野下的土地改革                                                
[10:00 AM-1:00 PM]

Moderator: Professor Yongyi Song 宋永毅教授

Speakers


Cheng Yinghong程映紅, Professor, Delaware State University [美國特拉華州立大學教授]: “Land Reform or a Prelude to Serfdom under State Control: Reflections on Land Reform in North Vietnam and North Korea” 〈是土地改革?還是國家農奴制的前奏?有關北越和朝鲜的土地改革的思考〉 [10:00-10:25 AM]

Hidematsu Hiyoshi 日吉秀松,Professor, Japan University, Tokyo [東京日本大學教授]: “Land Reform and Democratization in Japan” 〈日本的農地改革和民主化〉 [10:25-10:50 AM]

Luo Weinian 羅慰年 Independent Scholar, U.S.A. [美國獨立學者]: “Land Ownership Changes in the United States: A Historical Perspective” 〈对美国土地所有权变革的回顾和探讨] 〉 [10:50-11:15AM]

Yen-Hao Liao廖彥豪,Ph.D. student, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies at National Chiao Tung University Taiwan [台灣交通大學社會與文化研究所博士研究生]: “Discussion and Debate over the Land-to-the-Tiller Program: Guidelines, Process, and Results of Rural Land Reform in Post-War Taiwan” 〈台灣戰後農村土地改革的路線、過程與效果:以耕者有其田政策的研議與博弈為中心〉 [11:15-11:40AM]

Chou Mao-Chun 周茂春, Director of the Center for Taiwan History Studies [台灣好台灣歷史暨社經研究中心主任]: “Reflections on the Nationalist Land Reform and the Communist Land Reform: 1922-1962” 〈海峽兩岸(國共兩黨)土地改革運動之探討(1922-1962)〉 [11:40AM -12:05PM]

Yu Jie 余傑,Independent Writer, U.S.A. [旅美獨立作家]: “To Kill or Not to Kill: A Comparative Perspective on Land Reform in Mainland China and Taiwan” 〈殺人的土地改革與不殺人的土地改革:中國大陸與台灣土地改革之比較〉 [12:05-12:30 PM]


Questions & Answers   提问及回应                                                                         [12:30-1:00 PM]


Lunch: 午餐 [1:00-1:45PM]

Location:  In the Conference Room会场内



Afternoon Sessions: 70 Years Later: Land Reform in Retrospect
七十年后再思考和再審議中国的土地改革                                  [1:45-6:00PM]

Session One: From Land Revolution to Land Reform 從土地革命到土地改革 [1:45-3:50PM]

Moderator: Wu Guoguang 吴国光博士
(Professor and Chair, Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives at University of Victoria, Canada)


Speakers

Pei Yiran 裴毅然, Professor Emeritus, Shanghai University of Finance & Economics [原上海財經大學教授]: “The Truth of the Chinese Soviet Area ‘Land Revolution’” 〈蘇區「土地革命」實況實質〉 [1:45-2:10PM]

Zhi Xiaomin智效民 Researcher, Shanxi Academy of Social Sciences [中國山西社科院研究員]: “Background and Truth of the Violent Land Reform in Jin-Sui Border Region” 〈晉綏邊區暴力土改的背景與真相〉 [2:10-2:35PM]

Hao Zhidong 郝志东,Professor of Sociology, University of Macau [澳门大学社会学系教授]: “Social Interaction and Violent Land Reform in Pingzhou County, Shanxi Province: A Case Study” 〈社會互動與暴力土改:以山西省平州縣為例〉 [2:35-3:00PM.]

Xu Xing 徐星, Independent Film Maker, China [中國獨立製片人]“The Real Condition of the Chinese Countryside before Land Reform as Reflected in My Documentary Film Long-Term Farmhand” 〈從我的電影《長工》中看土改前的中國農村實況〉[3:00 -3:30PM.]


10-Minute Break 休息十分钟                                                                                  [3:30-3:40PM]

Session Two: Theory and Practice理論和實踐   [3:40-6:10 PM]

Moderator: Dr. Chen Kuide 陳奎德博士
(Executive Director, Princeton China Initiative and Board member of the Laogai Research Foundation)


Song Yongyi 宋永毅,Professor/Librarian, California State University, Los Angeles [美国加州州立大学洛杉磯分校圖書館教授]: “A Revolutionary Myth with So Many Self-Contradictions: The Text and Practice of the Chinese Communist ‘Land Reform Law’” 〈一個矛盾百出的革命神話:中共「土地改革法」的文本和實踐〉 [3:40 -4:05PM]

Wu Guoguang吴国光, Professor and Chair, Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives at University of Victoria, Canada [加拿大维克多利亚大学讲座教授]: “Shaping Politics with Violence: Why the Chinese Communist Party Embraced Violence during Land Reform” 〈以暴力型塑政治:中共為什麼要在土改中實行暴力?〉 [4:05-4:30PM]

Ding Shu丁抒, Professor Emeritus, Normandale Community College [原美國诺曼社区学院教授]:  “The Malicious Intent, Randomness, and Results of the Class-Dividing Policy during Land Reform” 〈土地改革運動中階級劃分政策的惡意、隨意性及其後果〉 [4:30-4:55PM.]

Xu Lizhi 徐立志,Former Senior Research Fellow, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences [前中國社会科学院研究员: “From ‘War-Time Policy’ to ‘Campaign Mode’: The ‘Law’ and ‘Administration of Justice’ during the Chinese Communist Land Reform” 〈從「戰時方式」到「運動模式」:中共土改中的「法」與「司法」〉 [4:55-5:20 PM]


Questions & Answers   提问及回应                                                                           [5:20-6:10PM.]


Dinner 宴會晚餐:                                                                          [6:10-8:00 PM]
Location (地點): 绿杨村 (Evergreen on 38), 10 East 38th Street, New York, NY 10016;
Tel: 212-488-1199
[集体走路去餐馆,僅兩條街。饭后集体坐大巴返回法拉盛的旅馆After the conference session and dinner, we will return to the hotel in Flashing]

September 20, Friday (九月二十日,星期五)


Conference Time 会议时间:9:10AM – 5:40PM
Location 会议地点:  Skyline Room, Graduate Center, City University of New York 紐約城市大學研究生中心19層地平綫演講廳

Morning Sessions
[9:10AM-12:30PM]


Various Perspectives on Land Reform: Society, Minority, Intellectuals
土改面面觀:社會·民族·知識分子

Moderator: Professor Ming Xia 夏明教授
(Professor of the Graduate Center, City University of New York, & President of the Laogai Research Foundation, co-organizer of the conference)


Speakers

Tan Song 譚松,former Professor at Chongqing Normal University [原重慶師範大學商貿學院教授] : “Torture and Killing That Characterized Land Reform” 〈土改運動中的殺人和酷刑特性〉 [9:10-9:35 AM]

Jianglin Li 李江琳,Independent Scholar, U.S.A. [美國獨立學者]: “Chinese Communist Land Reform in Ethnic Minority Areas: The Case of Yunnan” 〈中共在民族地區的土地改革:以雲南為例〉 [9:35-10:00 A M]

Cheng Tijie程惕洁,Professor Emeritus , University of Macau [原澳门大学社会学教授]: “‘Correction of Land Reform Deviation in Eastern Inner Mongolia and the All-Round Criticism of Ulanhu by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai” 〈內蒙東部的土改糾偏和毛周對烏蘭夫全面清算〉[10:00-10:25AM]

Zheng Yefu 鄭也夫,Professor of Sociology, Peking University [北京大學教授] : “Four Public Intellectuals during Land Reform: Dong Shijin, Wu Jingchao, Fei Xiaotong, and Pan Guangdan”
〈土改中的四位公共知識分子:董時進,吳景超,費孝通和潘光旦〉[10:25-10:50AM]


10-Minute Break 休息十分钟                                                                                       [10:50-11:00AM]


An Shaofan 安劭凡, Ph.D. Student at University of Macau [澳門大學歷史系博士研究生] “Deviation and Regression: Path Dependency and Class Division in Beijing Suburb’s Land Reform 1949-1950”〈「偏離」與「回歸」:京郊土改中的路徑依賴與階級劃分(1949-1950)〉[11:00-11:25AM]

Xie Baoyu 謝寳瑜, Independent Writer, Canada [加拿大獨立作家]: “Land Reform and My Fictional Rendition Meigui Ba” 〈土改 -- 從我的小說《玫瑰壩》說起〉 [11:25-11:50AM]

Guo Jian郭建, Professor of English, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater [美国威斯康辛大学白水校区英文教授]: “Land Reform as Reflected in Five Tempests” 〈五個《暴風驟雨》中的土地改革〉 [11:50-12:15PM]


Questions & Answers   提问及回应                                                             [12:15-12:45PM]


Lunch: 午餐 [12:45-1:25PM]
Location:  In the Conference Room会场内


Afternoon Sessions
[1:25-5:30 PM]

Session One:Towards More Suppression, Blood, and Damage ……
走向更多的鎮壓、殺戮和破壞……  [1:25 – 3:25PM]

Moderator: Professor Xu Youyu徐友渔教授  
(Former Senior Research Fellow at Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)


Hu Ping 胡平,Editor emeritus of Beijing Spring [《北京之春》荣誉主编]: “The Ultimate Betrayal and Brutality: The Chinese Communist Party's Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries” 〈背信弃义+残暴的史上之最:对中共镇反运动的盖棺定论〉[1:20-1:45PM]

Ding Yifu 丁一夫,Independent Scholar, U.S.A. [美國獨立學者]: “Mobilization of Peasants for Land Reform and the Suppression of Counterrevolutionaries Campaign in the Rural Areas of North China” 〈華北農村怎樣發動農民搞土改和鎮反〉[1:45-2:10PM]

Xia Ming 夏明,Professor, City University of New York [紐約城市大學教授] : “The Communist Suppression of Religious Sects and the Creation of Totalitarianism in China” 〈中共摧毁会道门和极权主义的建立〉 [2:10-2:35PM]

Teng Chunhui 滕春暉,Independent Scholar, Canada [加拿大獨立學者]: “Damaging Impact of Land Reform on Productivity and Social Life in China’s Rural Areas” 〈土地改革對農村生產力和農村社會生活的損害和影響〉[2:35-3:00PM]

Wen Guanzhong 文貫中, Professor of Economics, Trinity College [美國三一學院經濟系教授]: “Robbery Land Reform and Coerced Agricultural Collectivization: The Systemic Cause of China’s Urban-Rural Misalignment” 〈暴力剥夺型土改,强制型农业集体化—中国城乡错序之制度根源〉[視頻發言] [3:00-3:25 PM]

Questions & Answers   提问及回应                                                             [3:25-3:50PM]


Session Two: Historical and Current Significance of Reexamining Mao’s Land Reform(Free Forum)重審毛澤東土地改革的歷史和現實意義 (自由論壇,每人不超過12分鐘)[3:50 M – 5:30PM]


Moderator: Song Yongyi 宋永毅教授  
(Professor/Librarian, California State University, Los Angeles)

Ding Kaiwen丁凯文,Independent Scholar, U.S.A. [美国独立学者]: “Dong Shijin vs. Mao Zedong: A Historical Perspective on Land Reform” 〈董時進vs毛澤東 - 中共土改的回顧與辨析〉
  
Ren Yanfang 任彥芳 Chinese Writer [旅美中國作家] : “Fragmented Memories of Land Reform” 〈关于土改的片断记忆〉
Chen Kuide 陳奎德博士 Chairperson of the Princeton China Initiative [普林斯頓中國學社主席,勞改研究基金會理事]
Jin Zhong 金鐘 form Editor-in-Chief of Open Magazine [原香港《開放》雜志主編]
Zhou Xiaozheng周孝正 Professor at People’s University [原北京人民大學教授]



Closing Ceremony 闭幕式                                               [5:30-5:40 AM]


Dinner 晚餐:                                                                          [6:10-8:00 PM]
Location (地點): 壹豐園 (One Harvest); 37-14 Main Street, Flushing, NY11354; Tel: 929-200-7878
[會后集体坐大巴去吃飯,然後返回法拉盛的旅馆After the conference session, we will return to the hotel in Flashing]


Witten Presentations for the Conference
大会书面发言和论文

Ying Kefu應克復, Senior Research Fellow, Jiangsu Academy of Social Sciences [江蘇社科院研究員]: “Mao Zedong’s Misreading of Chinese History and Its Serious Consequences” 〈毛澤東對中國史的誤讀及其嚴重後果〉        
Tan Song 譚松,former Professor at Chongqing Normal University [原重慶師範大學商貿學院教授] : “From Land Revolution to Land Reform to Land Financing” 〈從土地革命到土地改革到土地財政〉            
Qin Hui 秦晖, Professor, Tsinghua University [清华大学教授]: “Resorting to Violence in Land Reform Was to Force a Diehard Allegiance out of Peasants” 〈暴力搞土改是逼农民纳「投名状」 〉            
Wang Haiguang王海光, Professor, Eastern China Normal University [華東師範大學教授]: 1) ‘Mass Uprising’ and ‘Banditry’: Imposition of Grain Levies and Suppression of Bandits during the Initial Stage of the CCP Power Establishment in Guizhou Province” 〈「民變」和「匪亂” 」——- 中共貴州建政初期的徵糧和剿匪〉; 2)“The Problem of Imposing Grain Levies in the CCP’s New Areas before Land Reform”〈土改前夕的中共新區徵糧問題〉
Liu Zhi 劉志, Post-Doctor Student,Eastern China Normal University [華東師範大學博士後]: “Refuge of the Land Reform Movement in the Civil War (1945-1949)” 〈國共内戰中的土改難民(1945-1949)〉    
Man Yong滿永, Professor, Eastern China Normal University [華東師範大學教授]: “Fear of Identity: Suicides during Land Reform in Fuyang Prefecture, Anhui Province” 〈身份的恐懼 - 安徽省阜陽地區土改中的自殺現象〉    
Pan Xuefang潘學芳, Independent Scholar, China [中國獨立學者]: “Criminals of Ideas: On the Victims of the Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries in Huangyanxi Township” 〈意識形態演繹出來的罪犯:談談黃岩溪鎮反運動中的反革命分子〉        
Ye Shuming葉曙明, Senior Research Fellow, Guangzhou Academy of Social Science [廣州市社科院研究員]: 1) “Land Reform in Guangdong: From Peace to Violence” 〈由和平走向暴力的廣東土改〉; 2) “Guangdong’s Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries: Catching Up Fast after Mao Zedong’s Criticism”〈被毛澤東批評后急起直追的廣東鎮反運動〉            
Yao Jianfu姚监复, Independent Scholar, Chia [中國獨立學者]: “Permanent Land Contract System—Vertical Agricultural Collectivization—State Serfdom” 〈土地永包制——纵向合作化——国家农奴〉    
Meng Yongxin孟泳新 Independent Scholar, Germany [旅德獨立學者] : “There Should Be a Total Denunciation of the Campaign to Suppress Historical Counterrevolutionaries” 〈彻底否定镇压历史反革命运动〉

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